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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-49

The adequacy of hospital response to COVID-19 pandemic amongst surgical institutions in South-Eastern Nigeria

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
2 College of Medicine, University of Nigeria (UNN), Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kelechi Uzodinma Imediegwu
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Orthopaedic Hospital, PMB 01294 Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jwas.jwas_239_22

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Background: The novel corona virus (COVID-19) was first diagnosed in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The healthcare specifically, departments of surgery in Southeastern Nigeria, are making modifications to cope and plan for the pandemic. Objectives: To evaluate how well surgical institutions in Southeastern Nigeria are prepared for the anticipated influx of Covid-19 patients, existing patients and to determine the adequacy of hospital provision of essential supplies and awareness creation. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional online study of two hundred and one (201) surgery resident doctors in surgical institutions in South-eastern Nigeria was conducted. Questionnaires were designed and distributed using online platforms. The data obtained was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Significance was set at P < 0.05. Consent was obtained from all respondents. Results: A total of 201 surgery resident doctors filled and submitted their questionnaires, response rate of 71.5%, out of which 50.1% agreed that hospital response to Covid-19 pandemic was inadequate, 78.3% agreed that the Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) provided by hospitals were inadequate while about 53.8% agreed that the hospital workforce was poor and inadequate and incapable of adapting to the unstable workforce during the pandemic. About 46.2% agreed that the hospitals were conducting an adequate creation of awareness with regards to the pandemic while 25% agreed that the hospital compliance with the CDC (Center for disease control) preventive protocols/guidelines in surgical institutions were adequate. There was a statistically significant association (P = 0.019 (< 0.05); X2= 5.517) between hospital type and provision of adequate Personal protective equipment for surgical procedures. Only 19% of the government hospital employees felt that adequate amount of PPEs were provided compared to 41% of private hospital employees. Conclusion: The results from this study show that the hospital response to Covid-19 pandemic and awareness creation amongst surgical institutions in Southeastern Nigeria are inadequate. Recommendations: The government should equip the health sector by providing the necessary amenities to adequately combat the challenges of surgical practice in the Covid-19 pandemic.

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