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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 30-35

Pattern of Mammography Utilization by Women Attending Asokoro District Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria

1 Department of Radiology, Asokoro District Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Asokoro District Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria; Department of Surgery, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria
3 Federal Capital Territory Primary Health Care Board, Abuja, Nigeria
4 Department of Radiology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
5 Department of Medicine, Asokoro District Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria; Department of Medicine, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Oku S Bassey
Bassey, Department of Radiology, Asokoro District Hospital, Abuja
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jwas.jwas_2_22

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Introduction: Mammography is a major tool for the screening and diagnosis of breast cancer globally. Poor funding and lack of good public health education for mammography in resource-limited countries limit access to mammographic services. In these settings, patients bear the cost of breast cancer screening from out-of-pocket expenses. The aim of this study was to interrogate the pattern of utilization of mammography by women of childbearing age, who attended Asokoro District Hospital (ADH) for Healthcare, with the view to increase uptake. Materials and Methods: This was a 4-year retrospective, cross-sectional study of 534 women who attended ADH from July 2015 to June 2019 for screening or diagnostic mammography. Data were extracted from completed questionnaire by women who had mammography during the period under review. The data were entered into Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 27 by IBM for analysis. Results: The mean age of the women was 47.8 years ± 7.7 with a range of 30–82 years. Most of the women, 525 (94.9%), were referred for mammography by health workers; only nine (5.1%) had mammography on self-referral. In all, 71% of the women paid for their mammography from their pockets, whereas 28.1% made payments through the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). A total of 100% of women who reported for mammography on self-referral paid for the services from their pockets. The association between the funding options and mode of referral was statistically significant, P = 0.049. Conclusion: This study showed that referral for mammography by health workers was responsible for not only most of the mammograms conducted but also all the women who utilized NHIS to pay for this service. Resources should therefore be directed towards creating awareness among health workers, especially with the present level of NHIS coverage in the population, in order to increase the uptake of screening mammography in the population.

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